THE MOST AWAITED 15 MINUTES, CHANDRAYAAN 2 LOOKING FORWARD TO CREATE HISTORY A few hours from now, is going to be the most exhilarating as well as strenuous moment for every Indian citizen as the much-awaited 978 crore Moon Mission is positively expected to make a successful landing on the unexplored land of the Moon, the South Pole. Excited? Chandrayaan-2 details, Rover Pragyan and Vikram orbiter details are waiting for you.
Chandrayaan 2 Moon Landing:
After the successful launch of Chandrayaan 2 on 14:43:12 IST (09:13:12 UTC), the lander and the rover are expected to land on the near side of the Moon, tonight at 01:53:20 am. Vikram, along with Rover Pragyan is now revolving along an orbit that is about 35 Km away from the surface of the Moon. The landing on the lunar surface would take exact “15 minutes “ for which the ISRO team seems to be waiting with bated breath.
How Chandrayaan-2 will land on the Moon
The” terrifying 15 minutes” would succeed a gradual decrease in the velocity of the lander from 6000 Km/hour to 0Km/hour, thus accomplishing the task of “Soft landing”. The ISRO has said that the landing attempts would be made on a high plain situated between two craters, namely Manzinus C and Simpelius N.
Calling the much-awaited moment as” terrifying”, chairman K Sivan said that the K” moon landing was never done before by ISRO.
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If India is successful with the landing, it would be the 4th country in the world to achieve a soft landing on the Moon after the USSR, USA, and China and the first country in the world to land on the South pole of the Moon. ISRO tweeted, “we have the same wishes for Vikram orbiter
Want to stay in touch with Vikram and Pragyan as they make their way to the untouched lunar South pole and uncover its many mysteries? Then keep an eye out for the next edition of #CY2chronicles!”
PM to witness the final descent of Chandrayaan 2
To witness this historic moment that would be created by India, Prime Minister Narendra Modi himself would be present at the headquarters of the Indian Space Research Organization. Also, the 74 winners of the space quiz that was aired on “Mann ki Baat “ along with their parents would get the golden opportunity to witness closely the landing of Chandrayaan 2.
The Chandrayaan 2 is the second lunar exploration mission developed by ISRO after Chandrayaan 1. Launched from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre on 22nd of July, 2019 at 2:43 PM IST (09:13) UST, by a geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle Mark III, Chandrayaan 2 consists of a lunar orbiter, a lander and a lunar rover named Pragyan.
“The rover has six wheels (three each on both sides), the back two wheels- one has Ashoka Chakra on it and the other has ISRO emblem. Also, the ramp of the lander on which rover will come out and land on the moon has an Indian flag on it,” said Sivan.
The Vikram lander is well equipped with biotechnologies including a Laser Altimeter (LASA), a Lander Position Detection Camera (LPDC), a Lander Horizontal Velocity camera( LHVC) an 800N liquid engine, solar panels, Ka radio Altimeter (KaRA), a Laser Inertial Reference and Accelerometer Package (LIRAP).
With a mission duration of 14 days, the Vikram lander would conduct scientific research on the lunar land and each and every activity as well as research conducted in the crucial 14 days would be monitored by the scientific team at ISRO, Bengaluru.
Objectives of Chandrayaan-2
According to ISRO, the mission aims to bring about a successful attempt in the soft landing on the Moon and to demonstrate and develop the technologies for lunar mission capability. The scientific objectives include the detailed study of the topography, Element abundance, mineralogy, and the percentage of water and ice present in the shadowed hidden side of the Moon.