Epilepsy: Everything You Need To Know

What is Epilepsy?

In its entirety, Epilepsy is a chronic disorder that will cause a recurrent and unprovoked seizure in patients. An episode is the overactivity of the brain due to the firing of uncontrolled electrical impulses. It engages almost all parts of your mind, but only half or one-third get affected in some cases.

As explained before, the generalized seizures will affect the whole brain while the focal or partial seizures affect one part of your mind. Generalized seizures can be diagnosed more quickly than partial seizures because they last longer and turn into a complete unconscious episode. 

While the partial seizures only last for a few seconds. The subject might exclusively remain partially conscious. The best neurology hospital in Bangalore is the best option when seeking epilepsy treatment.

Reasons for seizures

There are several reasons when it comes to seizures, such as;

  • High fever
  • Severe head trauma
  • Consistently low blood sugar levels
  • Alcohol withdrawal

These reasons for attacks are only significant for patients suffering from a long battle of dealing with Epilepsy. It is a common disorder that affects about 65 million people every year in general.

Epilepsy Infographic
Image Credits : Josh Rouse Design

Symptoms of Epilepsy

Unlike other mental health disorders where continuous sessions with a psychiatrist need to be taken to reach the root of the problem, Epilepsy has quite some visual symptoms. However, symptoms might differ from person to person, and according to the type of seizure they are experiencing. It usually narrows down to which part of the brain gets overloaded with overloading electrical impulses.

Partial seizures

As described earlier, there is no loss of complete consciousness in these types of seizures; symptoms might include;

  • Changing the sense of smell, taste, sight, and hearing for the time being
  • Dizziness and feeling a sleepy head
  • Twitching of the limbs with a tingling sensation going back and forth

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Generalized seizures

 These are the types of seizures associated with complete loss of copiousness and cause continuous movements like flapping toes and arms or blinking. Following are some of its kinds that you should be aware of;

  • Tonic seizures cause stiffness in muscles.
  • Atonic seizures lead to a complete loss of muscle control.
  • Clonic seizures are associated with rapid movements of the face, neck, and limbs.
  • Myoclonic seizures cause quick twitching of the arms and legs.
  • Tonic-Clonic seizures depict stiffness of the whole body, shaking/trembling, loss of consciousness for a brief time, and in severe episodes, the biting of the tongue.

Triggers for an epileptic episode

Various reasons can induce an episode in patients of Epilepsy, but there are always a few common elements that are more redundant and are present in almost every person who has Epilepsy;

  • Consistent lack of sleep
  • High fever
  • Taking too much stress
  • Bright flashing lights or other luminous patterns
  • Caffeine uptake, alcohol, and substance abuse
  • Overeating and skipping meals

If you want to take control of your life back and track and understand the reasons for the seizures as they happen, you must keep an epilepsy journal with you at all times. This way, you will be able to self-track an episode as soon as possible and then find relevance with various past episodes. 

It will provide you with enough data to know which patterns or specific triggers initiate the attack and what you can do in the future to keep things in check.

Treatments for Epilepsy

Epilepsy is a chronic condition that means that it will stick with you almost your whole life. But there is no reason why you can’t control it and claim your life back. The best neurology hospital in Bangalore can positively assist in providing adequate treatment for Epilepsy. Besides, there are various treatment options out there, such as:

Anti-epileptic drugs

 This medicine can reduce the overall number of episodes that you encounter and eliminate it in a few cases.

Vagus nerve stimulator

 It is a surgically placed device that lies under the skin, precisely your chest, for the sake of stimulating electrical current to the nerves that run under your skin. It will keep the overall electric activity in your brain to a minimum, avoiding seizures.

Ketogenic diet

 Most of the patients who don’t respond to the treatment might benefit from a high fat and low carbs diet known as the Ketogenic diet.

Brain surgery

 If nothing works, then the part of the brain involved with seizures can be removed or altered as a last option.


 Epilepsy is a manageable condition, and by making a few lifestyle changes, you will be able to claim your life back. Continuous visits with your physician and acting upon their advice are the best options for dealing with this condition. 

Garima Tomar

Senior Software Development Analyst at an IT firm

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