In the 2019 General Elections, the Narendra Modi led BJP swept back to power with a massive majority of 303 seats in the Lok Sabha. This was the second time after 2014 that the BJP acquired majority seats on its own. This time also, the NDA formed the government at the center. The National Democratic Alliance (NDA) is led by BJP. The alliance earlier consisted of the Lok Janshakti Party, the Shiromani Akali Dal, the Shiv Sena and the Republican Party of India (A). But the Shiv Sena quit the NDA in November 2019 following tensions in its relationship with BJP in Maharashtra. The central government is soon going to complete one year since coming to power for the second time in the 2019 May elections. In this article, we present to you the list of Cabinet ministers of India 2019, the updates related to Cabinet Ministers of India 2020 and cabinet ministers of India PDF and cabinet ministers of India 2019 FAQs.
Table of Contents
What is the council of ministers?
The Indian Constitution, in its Article 74 and Article 75, provides for a Council of Ministers with the Prime Minister as its head. The major function of the Council is to aid and advise the President. The President shall exercise his functions following their advice. The Council, however, may reconsider such advice if the President wants so. But the President shall accept the advice given after reconsideration.
Later, the 91st Constitutional Amendment Act, 2003, created a provision for the number of members in the council. As per this provision, the Council, including the Prime Minister, shall have a strength that is less than 15% of the total strength of Lok Sabha. Presently, the Union Council has 57 members against the maximum of 80 members. 24 Cabinet Ministers of India 2019, 9 ministers of state with independent charge and 24 ministers of the state constitute the Union Council of Ministers 2019.
The Council of Ministers is constituted of three categories of ministers based on the ranks of each;
- Cabinet Ministers
- Ministers of State
- Deputy Ministers
The Prime Minister
In India, the Prime Minister is the Chief advisor of the President of India. Following Article 75 of the Indian Constitution, the President of India appoints the Prime minister. The PM heads the Council of Ministers and also the Union Cabinet. Presently, Shri Narendra Modi is the Prime Minister of India. In the present 17th Lok Sabha, he is serving his second tenure as the PM of the country.
The Prime Minister has taken charge of the following ministries/ departments;
- Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions
- Department of Atomic Energy
- Department of Space
- Important policy issues.
- Portfolio not allocated to other Minister.
The Union Cabinet
Indian Constitution did not originally mention the Union Cabinet. The 44th Constitutional Amendment, 1978 inserted the term ‘Cabinet’ in Article 352 of the Constitution. Article 352 concerns the provisions of an emergency. Article 352 says that the President shall not proclaim emergency unless decided by the ‘Union Cabinet’. It further clarifies the term cabinet as – ‘the Council consisting of the PM and other Ministers of Cabinet rank appointed under Article 75’.
List of Cabinet Ministers of India 2019 with departments in Tabular Form
The President appoints the Cabinet Ministers on the advice of the Prime Minister. The cabinet consists of senior ministers of the Council. The ministers exercise their executive functions through various ministries and departments. Here is a list of Cabinet Ministers 2019 with departments. This list has been updated to incorporate any new appointments made in the last one year. Hence it presents a refined list of Cabinet Ministers 2020. Let us take a look
|S. no.||Name of the Cabinet Minister 2019/ Cabinet Minister 2020||Department/ Ministry|
|1.||Shri Raj Nath Singh||Ministry of Defence|
|2.||Shri Amit Shah||Ministry of Home Affairs|
|3.||Shri Nitin Jairam Gadkari||Ministry of Road Transport and Highways|
Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises
|4.||Smt. Nirmala Sitharaman||Ministry of Finance|
Ministry of Corporate Affairs
|5.||Shri Ramvilas Paswan||Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution|
|6.||Shri DV Sadanand Gowda||Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers|
|7.||Shri Ravi Shankar Prasad||Ministry of Law and Justice|
Ministry of Communications
Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology
|8.||Shri Narendra Singh Tomar||Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare|
Ministry of Rural Development
Ministry of Panchayati Raj
|9.||Dr. Subrahmanyam Jaishankar||Ministry of External Affairs|
|10.||Smt. Harsimrat Kaur Badal||Ministry of Food Processing Industries|
|11.||Shri Thaawar Chand Gehlot||Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment|
|12.||Shri Ramesh Pokhriyal ‘Nishank’||Ministry of Human Resource Development|
|13.||Shri Arjun Munda||Ministry of Tribal Affairs|
|14.||Smt. Smriti Zubin Irani||Ministry of Women and Child Development|
Ministry of Textiles
|15.||Dr. Harsh Vardhan||Ministry of Health and Family Welfare|
Ministry of Science and Technology
Ministry of Earth Sciences
|16.||Shri Prakash Javadekar||Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change|
Ministry of Information and Broadcasting
Ministry of Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises
|17.||Shri Piyush Goyal||Ministry of Railways Ministry of Commerce and Industry|
|18.||Shri Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi||Ministry of Minority Affairs|
|19.||Shri Dharmendra Pradhan||Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas|
Ministry of Steel
|20.||Shri Pralhad Joshi||Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs|
Ministry of Coal
Ministry of Mines
|21.||Shri Giriraj Singh||Ministry of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries|
|22.||Dr. Mahendra Nath Pandey||Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship|
|23.||Shri Gajendra Singh Shekhawat||Ministry of Jal Shakti|
Ministers of State (Independent charge)
|S. no.||Name of the Minister||Department/ Ministry|
|1.||Shri Santosh Kumar Gangwar||Ministry of Labour and Employment|
|2.||Shri Rao Inderjit Singh||Ministry of Statics and Programme Implementation|
Ministry of Planning
|3.||Shri Shripad Yesso Naik||Ministry of Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homeopathy (AYUSH)|
|4.||Dr. Jitendra Singh||Ministry of Development of North Eastern Region|
|5.||Shri Kiren Rijiju||Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports|
|6.||Shri Prahalad Singh Patel||Ministry of CultureMinistry of Tourism|
|7.||Shri Raj Kumar Singh||Ministry of Power|
Ministry of New and Renewable Energy
|8.||Shri Hardeep Singh Puri||Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs|
Ministry of Civil Aviation
|9.||Shri Mansukh L. Mandaviya||Ministry of Shipping|
Ministers of State (Cabinet Ministers of India 2020)
|S. no.||Name of the Minister||Department/ Ministry|
|1.||Shri Shripad Yesso Naik||Ministry of Defence|
|2.||Dr. Jitendra Singh||Prime Minister’s OfficeMinistry of Personnel, Public Grievances and PensionsDepartment of Atomic EnergyDepartment of Space|
|3.||Shri Kiren Rijiju||Ministry of Minority Affairs|
|4.||Shri Raj Kumar Singh||Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship|
|5.||Shri Hardeep Singh Puri||Ministry of Commerce and Industry|
|6.||Shri Mansukh L. Mandaviya||Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers|
|7.||Shri Faggansingh Kulaste||Ministry of Steel|
|8.||Shri Ashwini Kumar Choubey||Ministry of Health and Family Welfare|
|9.||Shri Arjun Ram Meghwal||Ministry of Parliamentary AffairsMinistry of Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises|
|10.||General (Retd.) VK Singh||Ministry of Road Transport and Highways|
|11.||Shri Krishan Pal||Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment|
|12.||Shri Danve Raosaheb Dadarao||Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution|
|13.||Shri G. Kishan Reddy||Ministry of Home Affairs|
|14.||Shri Parshottam Rupala||Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare|
|15.||Shri Ramdas Athawale||Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment|
|16.||Sadhvi Niranjan Jyoti||Ministry of Rural Development|
|17.||Shri Babul Supriyo||Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change|
|18.||Shri Sanjeev Kumar Balyan||Ministry of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries|
|19.||Shri Dhotre Sanjay Shamrao||Ministry of Human Resource Development|
Ministry of Communications
Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology
|20.||Shri Anurag Singh Thakur||Ministry of Finance|
Ministry of Corporate Affairs
|21.||Shri Angadi Suresh Channabasappa||Ministry of Railways|
|22.||Shri Nityanand Rai||Ministry of Home affairs|
|23.||Shri Rattan Lal Kataria||Ministry of Jal Shakti|
Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment
|24.||Shree V Muraleedharan||Ministry of External Affairs|
Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs
|25.||Smt. Renuka Singh Saruta||Ministry of Tribal Affairs|
|26.||Shri Som Prakash||Ministry of Commerce and Industry|
|27.||Shri Rameswar Teli||Ministry of Food Processing Industries|
|28.||Shri Pratap Chandra Sarangi||Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises|
Ministry of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries
|29.||Shri Kailash Choudhary||Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare|
|30.||Sushri Debasree Chauduri||Ministry of Women and Child Development|
Cabinet Ministers of India 2019 PDF
[ You can visit the government portal to check the list of Cabinet Ministers of India 2019/ Cabinet Ministers of India 2020- https://www.india.gov.in/my-government/whos-who/council-ministers]
Here is the link to cabinet ministers of India 2019 PDF-https://www.pmindia.gov.in/wp-content/uploads/2019/07/portfolios-of-the-union-council-of-ministers_en.pdf
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Cabinet Ministers of India 2019- FAQS
In this section, we will cover some frequently asked questions about the Cabinet Ministers of India 2019. Let us get started;
1. Was Arun Jaitley the Finance Minister in the 2019 cabinet?
No. Late Shri Arun Jaitely Ji was not the Finance Minister in the 2019 Cabinet. He had, however, been the Finance Minister of India in the previous Cabinet of 2014. This time he had opted out of the cabinet ministers of India 2020 citing health complications. Later in August 2019, he passed away following a long term chronic illness.
2. Was Sushma Swaraj the external affairs minister in the 17th Lok Sabha?
No. Late Smt. Sushma Swaraj Ji was the external affairs minister in the 16th Lok Sabha (2014). She had also refrained from being a part of the 2019 elections. She passed away later in August 2019 following a cardiac arrest.
3. Who is Subrahmanyam Jaishankar?
A new face in the Cabinet is who S Jaishankar is. Scroll down the article to know more about him.
4. Why was Maneka Gandhi dropped out of the 2019 cabinet?
Maneka Gandhi held the Ministry of Women and Child Development in the 2014 cabinet. During the elections campaigns of BJP in 2019, she had said that if her ‘victory happens without support from Muslims, she will not feel good. Then when a Muslim will come to her for work, she would see no point. Her remarks stirred a controversy’. This is presumed to be one possibility as to why she was not in the list of cabinet ministers of India 2019. There have been a lot of counter opinions as well. Many critics believe that the exclusion of the Gandhi family’s ‘bahu’ happened because she did not fit in the BJP’s caste equation.
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5. What was the Anant Kumar Hegde controversy?
Apart from Maneka Gandhi, Anant Kumar Hegde was not in the list of cabinet ministers of India 2019. He held the department of Skill Development in 2014 Cabinet. For presumably a similar reason as in the Maneka Gandhi case, he was not allotted a cabinet ministry in 2019. He had made remarks supporting Pragya Thakur’s controversial comments about Mahatma Gandhi’s assassin Nathu Ram Godse being a patriot. On another occasion, he had called Congress President a “hybrid specimen” and “moron”.
6. Who else was not seen in the list of Cabinet ministers 2019?
Here is a list of all the former ministers who were not included in the list of Cabinet Ministers of India 2019:
- Suresh Prabhu- Union minister for Commerce & Industry and Civil Aviation
- Radha Mohan Singh- Union minister for Agriculture & Farmers Welfare
- Uma Bharti- Union Minister for Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation
Let us also look at the former ministers in the Council who were not allotted portfolios this time;
- Rajyavardhan Rathore- Minister of State for Youth Affairs and Sports
- Jayant Sinha – Minister of State for Finance and Civil Aviation
- Manoj Sinha- Minister of State for Railways and Independent Charge for Communications
- Ram Kripal Yadav- Minister of State for Rural Development
- Mahesh Sharma- Minister of State for Culture and Tourism
- SS Ahluwalia- Minister of State for Drinking Water& Sanitation and Electronics and IT
- Vijay Goel- Minister of State for Parliamentary Affairs and Statistics& Programme Implementation
Who are the new cabinet ministers of India 2019?
In this 17th Lok Sabha, some of the ministers have taken charge as cabinet ministers for the first time. In this section, we will be discussing about them and hence answer all your cabinet ministers of India 2019 FAQs.
- Subrahmanyam Jaishankar– The President appointed S Jaishankar as the Union Minister for External Affairs in 2019. At that time, he was not a member of either Lok Sabha or Rajya Sabha. Later in July 2019, he was elected to Rajya Sabha from Gujarat. Usually, the Cabinet portfolios are allotted to loyal party members or members of coalition allies. This time, a bureaucrat – S Jaishankar took charge of the Ministry of external affairs. He joined the Indian Foreign Service in 1977. After that, he represented the Indian High Commission to Singapore (2007-09). He was appointed Indian ambassador to Czech Republic (2001-04), China (2009-13) and USA (2014-2015). In 2015, he assumed charge as the Foreign Secretary of India
- Ramesh Pokhriyal ‘Nishank’– He heads the Ministry of Human Resource and Development (MHRD) in the 2019 Cabinet. Scroll down the article to read more about him.
- Arjun Munda– He was the Chief Minister of Jharkhand three times from 2003-05, 2005-06 and 2010-13. He has also been the leader of opposition in the Jharkhand State Assembly. In the 15th Lok Sabha, he was elected from the Jamshedpur constituency. He also served as the National General Secretary of BJP. Presently, he represents the Khunti Constituency in the 17th Lok Sabha and holds the Ministry of Tribal Affairs.
- Pralhad Joshi- He has been a member of the Lok sabha since 2004. He has been a member of various Standing committees and joint parliamentary committees. In 2009, he was re-elected to the 15th Lok Sabha and later on in the 16th Lok Sabha in 2014. From 2014-16, he was the State President of BJP in Karnataka. He was also on the Lok Sabha’s panel of chairpersons from 2014-18. Presently, he represents Dharwad constituency and holds the Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs, Mines and Coal.
- Arvind Sawant*(resigned from his post in November 2019) Scroll down to know why he is no more a part of the list of Cabinet Ministers of India 2020.
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How many ministries are there in India in 2019?
The Prime Minister of India has three ministries under his supervision. The other Cabinet ministers have a charge of 38 ministries. Moreover, 9 other ministries are held by Ministers of State (Independent Charge). You could scroll up to take a glance at these ministries.
The President, Vice President, Prime Minister and Council of Ministers together form the Union Executive. The fact that the government exercises its executive powers through these ministries is noteworthy.
While a minister heads a ministry, there are officials (civil servants) employed to carry out these executive functions. Ministers of Cabinet rank are responsible for all the major ministries in the country like defense, home affairs, finance. Ministers of State are members of the council who are junior to the Union Ministers. They can either hold independent charge of a ministry/department or may attach to Cabinet Ministers. In the former case, they avail the powers and functions the same as a Cabinet minister. But they are not members of the Cabinet. This means that they do not take part in Cabinet meetings unless especially invited. In the latter case, they work under the supervision of the Cabinet Ministers. They can either hold the charge of departments of ministries or get specific work related to ministries.
Who are the new cabinet ministers?
Shri Prakash Javadekar took charge of the Ministry of Heavy Industries and Enterprises in November 2019. Earlier, the ministry was held by Shri Arvind Ganpat Sawant. Shri Sawant belonged to the Shiv Sena party which was a coalition ally in the NDA government. He quit his office due to the fallout between the Sena and BJP in Maharashtra. The issue was that BJP did not fulfill its promise of a 50-50 power division to Shiv Sena. Consequently, the government collapsed. Later, the Shiv Sena went on establishing a coalition government with Congress by its side.
On the other hand, Shri Javedkar has assumed the position of a Cabinet minister of India 2020 for the second time. In2016, he assumed charge of the Ministry of Human Resource Development. Before being elevated to the Cabinet rank, he served as a minister of state. In 2014, he had the independent charge for the Environment, Forest& Climate Change and Ministry of Information& Broadcasting. During the same year, he was also the minister of state for Parliamentary Affairs.
Shri Javedkar is a member of the Rajya Sabha representing Maharashtra constituency. Interestingly, he also has had the experience of being the Executive Chairman of the State Planning Board, Maharashtra (1995-99). In the year 2003, he was BJP’s National Spokesperson.
Presently, he is also concerned with the Ministry of Environment, Forest& Climate Change and Ministry of Information& Broadcasting.
Who is the new shipping minister?
Mansukh Lal Mandaviya is the new Shipping Minister of India, 2019. He took charge of the ministry as a Minister of State (Independent Charge). Until now, the Ministry of Shipping has always been taken care of by a Union Minister. Furthermore, he is also the minister of state for the Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilisers.
Mansukh Lal Mandaviya is a member of the Rajya Sabha from the BJP. He has been elected from the constituency of Gujarat. This is the second time that he is serving the Council. In 2014, he was the minister of state for Roads Transport& highways, Chemicals& Fertilizers and Shipping. He has also served as a member of various parliamentary committees like the one on Petroleum and natural gas. Moreover, he has been part of Rajya Sabha Select committees like the real estate bill committee. From 2002-07, he was a member of the Gujarat State Assembly. He held the chairmanship of Gujarat Agro Industries Corporation from 2011-12 as well.
India has 12 major ports and a total coastline of 7,516 km. Under the SagarMala project, the ministry has to improve port infrastructure and capacity. Besides, it has to work on enhancing port connectivity and industrialization. The Ministry is tasked with converting around 100 rivers in the country into waterways. While private-sector ports are posing strong competition, the Ministry has to ensure the growth of government-owned ports. Shri Mandaviya has assured that he will work hard to achieve the goals of the ministry being a part of the cabinet minister of India 2020.
Who Is Education Minister India 2019?
The department of education falls under the Ministry of Human Resource Development. Dr. Ramesh Pokhriyal ‘Nishank’ is the Education Minister of India in 2019. Hailing from a humble background, he began his political career in 1991. In that year, he represented the Karnaprayag constituency in the legislative assembly of undivided Uttar Pradesh. He represented the same constituency in the years 1993 and 1996. Later in the year 1997, he became the development minister of the state. Dr. Pokhriyal has also served as the Chief Minister of Uttarakhand from 2009-2011.
In the 17th Lok Sabha, he represents the constituency of Haridwar, Uttarakhand. This is his second term as a member of Lok Sabha. He was elected to Lok Sabha in the 2014 general elections as well. Back then he served as the Chairperson of the Committee on Government Assurances. This is, however, the first time that he has become part of the cabinet ministers of India 2020.
We believe we have successfully answered all the cabinet ministers of India 2019 FAQs.
About MHRD (Ministry of Human Resource Development)
The MHRD came into existence on September 26, 1985. The 174th amendment to the government of India (Allocation of Business rules, 1961) created provision for the MHRD. The ministry operates through the two departments of:
- School education and Literacy – It focuses on the ‘universalization of education’, through various schemes and initiatives. The main aim is to work for the development of school education and literacy in the country.
- Higher Education- It focuses on providing Indian students world-class opportunities for higher education and research utilizing joint ventures and MOUs.
The Ministry works on the following objectives;
- Planned development
- Expanding access to education
- Improving quality of educational institutions throughout the country especially in the regions where education is not as easily accessible
- Financial aid shall be provided to the deprived sections of society
We hope we have covered all your doubts related to the list of cabinet ministers of India 2019, cabinet ministers of India 2019 FAQ, cabinet ministers of India 2020, cabinet ministers of India 2019 pdf and more.