8 Causes Of Menstrual Irregularities

Hormonal Imbalance: Fluctuations in estrogen and progesterone levels can disrupt the menstrual cycle. This imbalance can occur due to factors such as stress, excessive exercise, poor nutrition, or medical condition

Stress High levels of stress can affect the hypothalamus, a part of the brain that regulates the menstrual cycle. Stress can disrupt hormone production, leading to irregular periods or even missed periods.

Weight Change Significant weight loss or gain can disrupt hormone levels, particularly estrogen, affecting the menstrual cycle. Eating disorders, excessive exercise, or sudden changes in diet can contribute to this.

Medications Certain medications, such as hormonal contraceptives, antipsychotics, chemotherapy drugs, and some antidepressants, can affect menstrual regularity as a side effect.

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome PCOS is a common hormonal disorder among women of reproductive age. It can cause irregular periods, excess androgen levels, cysts on the ovaries, and difficulty conceiving.

Thyroid Disorders Hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid) or hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid) can disrupt hormone levels and lead to menstrual irregularities.

Uterine Fibroids These noncancerous growths in the uterus can cause heavy menstrual bleeding, prolonged periods, and irregular cycles.

Perimenopause As women approach menopause, typically in their 40s or 50s, hormonal fluctuations become more common, leading to irregular periods, skipped periods, or changes in menstrual flow.