Foods Known to Induce Heartburn and Acid Reflux

Spicy foods, such as hot peppers, chili, and spicy sauces, can cause irritation to the esophagus and provoke symptoms of acid reflux.

Citrus fruits such as oranges, lemons, grapefruits, and their juices have an acidic nature that might exacerbate heartburn in certain persons.

Tomatoes and tomato-based sauces or dishes like marinara sauce, which are high in acidity, might lead to heartburn.

Chocolate includes caffeine and theobromine, which can relax the esophageal sphincter and lead to reflux.

The presence of caffeine causes the lower esophageal sphincter to relax, resulting in heightened acid reflux. This include tea and certain carbonated beverages.

Although some people find minty odors comforting, mint tends to relax the lower esophageal sphincter, which may result in heartburn.

Carbonated beverages, such as soda, carbonated water, and sparkling drinks, can elevate gastric pressure, resulting in reflux.