Hydration and Fluid Balance: Maintaining fluid equilibrium inside and around cells requires electrolytes including sodium, potassium, chloride, calcium, magnesium, and phosphate. Fluid imbalance from low electrolytes can induce dehydration or fluid overload.
Muscular weakness and cramps: Electrolytes have an important function in muscular contraction. Inadequate electrolytes can cause muscular weakness, spasms, and cramps. This is especially important in the context of strenuous activity, since the demand for electrolytes rises.
Nervous system dysfunction: Electrolytes are necessary for nerve impulse transmission. Imbalances can disrupt the neural system, causing symptoms such as disorientation, dizziness, and, in extreme cases, seizures.
Cardiovascular Effects: Electrolytes help to keep the heart's electrical activity stable. Depletion can cause irregular heartbeats (arrhythmias) and, in severe situations, impair cardiac function.
Digestive Issues: Electrolyte abnormalities can affect the gastrointestinal tract, resulting in nausea, vomiting, and diarrhoea. These symptoms lead to more fluid and electrolyte loss.
Metabolic disturbances: Various metabolic activities utilise electrolytes. Imbalances can disrupt enzymatic activity and metabolic processes, impairing overall cellular function.
Fatigue and weakness: Electrolyte depletion might make you feel tired and weaker. Largely related to the effect on muscular function and total energy metabolism, electrolyte depletion can make you feel tired and weaker.
Endocrine System Disruptions: Electrolytes affect hormone secretion and response. Imbalances can disturb the endocrine system, which affects hormone control and other physiological functions.