Research the area you are visiting and know the trails, weather conditions, and any necessary permits. Plan your route and inform someone about your itinerary.
Bring essentials like water, navigation tools (map, compass, or GPS), appropriate clothing, a first aid kit, and extra food.
Invest in quality gear, especially footwear and a backpack that suits your needs. Test equipment before your trip to ensure it's in good condition.
Be aware of wildlife in the area and how to react if encountered. Carry a whistle and a flashlight, and know basic first aid.
Check the weather forecast before heading out and be prepared for changes in weather conditions.
If camping, set camp away from trails and water sources and adhere to camping regulations. Respect quiet hours and other campers.
Familiarize yourself with basic outdoor skills like setting up a tent, starting a fire (where allowed), and using a map and compass.