The Nobel prize is one of the most prestigious prizes in the world. Until 1969, Nobel prize was given only in five fields, but afterward, a 6th field was added. Nobel prize was awarded annually from a fund bequeathed for this purpose by the Swedish industrialist and inventor Alfred Nobel. The Nobel prize is widely regarded as the most prestigious award given for intellectual achievements in the world. India does not stand back. India has various Nobel prize winners to date. Here is a list of Nobel prize winners in India. We will also explore the Indian scientist Nobel prize winner.
As per the words of Alfred Nobel, the prize is given to all who have conferred the greatest benefit of mankind. The Nobel prize is given for physics, chemistry, psychology, medicine, literature, and peace. The first distribution of Nobel prize took place on 10 December 1901, which was also the fifth anniversary of Alfred Nobel‘s death. After the death of Alfred Nobel, the Nobel foundation took care of the funds and administration. The Nobel Laureates can be groups or individuals. The highest number of recognitions has been given to the International Committee of the Red Cross. It has received the Peace Prize three times in history.
He already built up a structure saying that the awarding would be done by four different institutions which include three Swedish and one Norwegian. The Royal Swedish Academy of Science in Stockholm confers the Nobel prize for physics, chemistry, and economics. The famous Karolinska Institute confers the Nobel prize for medicine, psychology. The Swedish Academy confers the Nobel prize for literature. And finally, the Norwegian Nobel Committee in Oslo confers the Nobel prize for peace. Let us discover the List of Indian Nobel laureate.
Here is a List of Indian Nobel prize winners of all time:
Table of Contents
- Rabindranath Tagore
- C.V. Raman
- Mother Teresa
- Amartya Sen
- Kailash Satyarthi
- Har Gobind Khorana
- Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar
- Venkatraman Ramakrishnan
- Abhijit Banerjee
- Nobel prize Winners but were not Indian citizens
- How many Nobel prize winners are from India?
- Who is the youngest Nobel prize winner in India?
- Who won the second Nobel prize in India?
- Which country has the most Nobel prize, winners?
- Who is the first Nobel prize winner in India?
- Who has refused the Nobel prize?
- Who is the first Nobel prize winner?
- Who got the Nobel prize in 2019?
- How many Chinese have won the Nobel prize?
- Who has won three Nobel prizes?
He was awarded the Nobel prize in literature because of his extremely sensitive and beautiful poetic verses. Rabindranath Tagore tried to bring western culture through his poetry into India. He played a remarkable role in changing the trend of poetry is written in India. He falls 1st on List of Indian Nobel laureates.
C.V. Raman was awarded Nobel prize in physics because of his efficient work on the scattering of light concept and for the discovery of the effect named after it. He was a revolutionary and expanded the scope of science. His contribution can never be underestimated. He is an Indian scientist Nobel prize winner.
Mother Teresa was awarded the Nobel prize in peace because of her kind and soulful work in helping the suffering humanity. She set up Society for missionaries that provide help to the poorest of the poor in various countries and give them relief from floods, epidermic‘s, famines, for refugees and aids other sufferings.
Field- Economic and science
Amartya Sen received two Nobel prize awards in the year 1998 for his major contribution to the welfare of economics And social choice theory. He was the first Indian to get to Nobel laureates at a time. Sen is an Indian scientist Nobel prize winner.
Kailash Satyarthi got a Nobel prize for peace for his struggle against the suppression of children and young people and fighting for the rights of the children to get educated. He has played a remarkable role in changing India. He falls 5th on the List of Indian Nobel laureates.
Here is a list of Nobel Laureates who were born in India, but later changed their citizenship to another country.
Har Gobind Khorana
Received in – The US
Field- Psychology, medicine
He received a Nobel prize for psychology and medicine. He was born in Raipur, India and received the Nobel prize in the US. Hargobind Khurana received a prize for his interpretation of the genetic code and functioning of protein synthesis.
Received in – the US
Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar won a Nobel prize in physics. He was born in Lahore India and received a Nobel prize in the US. He is admired for his theoretical studies of physical processes of importance to the structure and evolution of stars. S.Chandrashekhar is an Indian scientist Nobel prize winner.
Received in – UK and US
Venkatraman Ramakrishnan was awarded a Nobel prize for chemistry. He was born in Chidambaram, India and received Nobel prize in UK and US. Venki Ramakrishnan is admired for his studies on the structure and function of ribosomes. He has made a huge contribution to chemistry and is an Indian scientist Nobel prize winner.
Received in – The US
Field- Economic and science
He was awarded Nobel prize in the year 2019 for economics and science. He was born in Bombay, India and was awarded Nobel in the US. His major contribution to his experimental approach is made to alleviate global poverty.
Nobel prize Winners but were not Indian citizens
These are the people who were born in India or used to live in India when they received the Nobel prize but were not Indian citizens.
14th Dalai Lama
The 14th Dalai Lama got a Nobel laureate in India for peace but he was born in Taktakee, Tibet. He got a Nobel laureate in the year 1989 for his consecutive resistance from using violence in his people’s struggles to get back their liberty. The great leader is an Indian Nobel prize winner.
He was born in Almorah, British India and received a Nobel laureate in the United Kingdom in 1902 for medicine and psychology. He had shown his efficiency in the work of malaria On how it enters the Organism and leads its foundation.
He received a Nobel laureate for literature in the year 1907. Rudyard Kipling was born in Bombay, British India but received a Nobel laureate for the United Kingdom. He was appreciated for his originality of imagination, and uniqueness of ideas. Rudyard Kipling is a world-famous author.
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How many Nobel prize winners are from India?
India has 9 Nobel laureate winners in various fields like literature, physics, peace, economics, science. Apart from these 4 Nobel prize winners were born in India but received Nobel prize outside India for either the US or UK.
Who is the youngest Nobel prize winner in India?
Amartya Sen and CV Raman received the Nobel prize when they were 40 years old, being the youngest Nobel prize winners in India but Malala Yousafzai, a Pakistani woman won a Nobel prize Making her the youngest globally.
Who won the second Nobel prize in India?
The second Nobel prize was received by C.V. Raman in the year 1930 for his extraordinary work in physics. He made major contributions in discovering the theory of scattering of light. He is on the 2nd number on our List of Indian Nobel laureates.
Which country has the most Nobel prize, winners?
The United States falls first on the list with 383 Nobel Laureates, followed by the United Kingdom is with 132 Nobel laureates. India falls 17th on the list.
Who is the first Nobel prize winner in India?
Rabindranath Tagore is the first Indian to get a Nobel prize for his extraordinary work in literature in the year 1913. He was the first on the List of Indian Nobel laureates.
Who has refused the Nobel prize?
Le Duc Tho is the first and only person to ever voluntarily refuse a Nobel prize. He was awarded the Nobel prize jointly with the US secretary of state Henry Kissinger for their work in negotiating a ceasefire in the Vietnam war.
Who is the first Nobel prize winner?
Physics– The first Nobel prize in physics was awarded to Wilhelm Conrod Röntgen for his contributions made in creating x-rays and showing images of a human hand. He received the Nobel prize in the year 1901.
Chemistry– Jacobus H. Va ‘t Hoff, was the first Nobel laureate in chemistry for the contribution explaining osmotic pressure and the importance of flora and fauna. The Nobel laureate was received in the year 1901
Psychology or medicine– Emil Von Behring was awarded a Nobel prize in psychology or medicine for his works on serum therapy. He was awarded the Nobel prize in 1901. His achievement was considered as a victorious weapon against death and illness.
Literature– Sully Prudhomme won a Nobel prize in the year 1901 for literature. He wrote poetry is with a rare combination of heart and intellect.
Peace– Henry Dunant is the founder of the international committee of the Red Cross. He shared the first Nobel prize with Frederick passy in 1901. It would be interesting to note that the Red Cross has been awarded the Nobel peace prize three times.
Who got the Nobel prize in 2019?
Physics– James Peebles, Michel Mayor, Didier Queloz.
Chemistry– John B Goodenough, M. Stanley Whittingham, Akira Yoshino.
Psychology – William G. Lawlin jr. , Sir Peter J Ratcliffe, Gregg L. Semenza.
Literature– Peter Handke
Peace– Abiy Ahmed Ali.
Economics– Abhijit Banerjee, Esther Duflo, Michael Kremer.
How many Chinese have won the Nobel prize?
14 Chinese people have won the Nobel laureate from the year 1957 till 2009. 14th Dalai Lama is the citizen of China and he was awarded a Nobel prize in India.
Who has won three Nobel prizes?
The international committee of the Red Cross has received three peace prizes for its work in humanity. Aung San Shu kyu, Carl Von Ossietzky and Liu Xiaobo are three Nobel prize winners who were under arrest when given Nobel prize.
Nobel prize is one of the most prestigious awards one can dream of if he is an inventor or has discovered something different from the world. The award is given to any contribution to the society expressing humanity and sincerity is also awarded through Nobel prize. This prize is distributed to appreciate the efforts made by people in benefiting mankind.
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