The Indian government has time and again taken initiatives to provide financial and employment benefits to the poor. Here, we have covered some important schemes you must know (especially for those who are preparing for any government exam)-
list of awareness programmes in India:
Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojna
“Skilling is building a better India. Narendra Modi said, If we have to move India towards development then skill development should be our mission”
Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojna(PMKVY) is an employment scheme started in the year 2016. The Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship launched this scheme with a budget of 12000 crores. This scheme will benefit nearly 10 million poor unemployed youth after registering in this scheme. The motive of PMKVY is to encourage a large number of poor youth of the country to take industry relevant skill training. This training will help the youth to get employment and help them to get a better living. A few steps taken under this scheme are:-
Short Term Training:-
Providing poor youth with proper training and skilled certification.
Recognization of Prior Learning:-
Aligning the expertise of poor youth from the un-regulated workforce.
Providing training in special areas and government premises.
Kaushal and Rozgar Mela:-
This Mela is organized by training partners after every six months where unemployed skilled youth can apply for jobs.
Linking the competencies of the PMKVY candidates to potential employers.
Using technology-driven methods to ensure high-quality standard maintained by PMKVY.
Standardized Branding and Communication:-
Providing excellent visibility and accurate communication of the scheme
Deendayal Disabled Rehabilitation Scheme
A promotional scheme of Voluntary actions for Disabled people is called Deendayal Disabled Rehabilitation. To give more opportunities to the disabled, the act was revised in 2003. It is a very effective scheme which gives equal opportunities and equity to the disabled for their comfortable survival.
Under this scheme, voluntary organizations are provided with funds from the government to ensure necessary services to the disabled. The services given by the organizations help them to develop their living skills, education, and employment skills. With the vision of involvement of disabled in the mainstream society and catalyzing their abilities, such schemes work for the disabled.
The focus of these schemes is always on education and skill development programs. These programs enhance educational and skill development opportunities at all levels and enlarge professional opportunities, income, and gainful occupation.
Deendayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojna
A step by the Indian government to empower the poor youth of the country. Deendayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojna, a youth employment scheme, is collecting praise from all over the country. Nitin Gadkari, the Union Minister launched this scheme in 2014 on the 98th birth anniversary of Deendayal Upadhyaya.
Grameen Kaushalya Yojna aims in transforming the poor youth into an economically independent and globally workforce. With a sum of 15000 crores, the government aims to enhance the employability of rural poor youth. The government has fixed 18-35 as the age group for the scheme. The scheme has a key role in skill youths who are financially low and provide them jobs on regular wages.
More than 55 Million skilled poor youths will benefit from this scheme. It will also help in reducing poverty by increasing employment. Following the training, they are provided with placements and jobs.
Hunar se Rozgar Tak:-
In the year 2009 Ministry of Tourism launched a special program Hunar se Rozgar Tak (HSRT). Its main motive is to create employable skills amongst poor youth. The Ministry of Tourism provides 100% funds to this scheme to benefit the poor youth. This scheme covers various sectors which are
- Food Production.
- Food and Beverages service.
- Stone Masonry.
- Golf Caddies.
- Tourist Facilitation.
Expert Institution like Indian Institute of Tourism and Travel Management, IHM, Food Craft Institutes, and Indian Tourism Development Corporation is taking the initiative to implement HSRT. Every year the budget for this scheme is passed so as to provide free training to the poor youth. The common feature of HSRT in every field are:-
- The age of trainee should be between 18-28.
- Each trainee will undergo training for a period of 6 to 8 weeks.
- The cost of the training is 0 rupee.
Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act:-
Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) an Indian Labour Law and Social Security which marks the right to work.
It ensures better livelihood in rural areas by providing a minimum of 100 days of employment. This scheme provides employment to every adult member of a poor family til a minimum of 100 days on regular wages. It is one of the worlds largest and ambitious public work programme.
In 2014 the World Bank stated it a stellar example of rural development. Under this scheme, employment is given within 5 km of residency of the applicant. If a person doesn’t get work within 15 days after applying then the person gets allowance the same as salary.
Under this scheme, there is no involvement of any contractor which, reduces corruption. MGNREGA only implies to the Gram Panchayats. According to the Indian Government, 68,26921 unskilled poor youth have enjoyed the benefit of this scheme. The minimum wages under this scheme ranges from 163 Rs to 500 Rs.
Employment Exchange Becoming National Career Counselings Centres:-
Modi government has changed all Employment Exchange into National Career Counseling Centres. These centers will continuously try to help in getting a job after joining the National Career Counselling Centre. The National Career Counseling Centre will consider all types of job requirements.
Around 4 crore unemployed poor people will get a job from this scheme. In the year 2006 100 models of National Career Counseling Centre were established in the country. The state government is responsible for all the activities and operations under this scheme. People seeking jobs will be provided with proper information regarding the type of job required.
Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana
The main motive of the scheme is to provide health insurance coverage to people belonging to the Below Poverty Line category. The yojna provides health insurance to the unorganized sectors and covers up to Rs 30,000 for a family of 5 members. The scheme provides cover for transportation charges of Rs. 100 per visit to the hospital having a maximum limit of Rs. 1,000.
Budget 2019 Highlights
Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana
Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana was introduced in January 2016 to provide the farmers with a safety net against any financial hardships they might face because of any natural calamities or other issues.
The actual budget allocated to the scheme was of Rs 9,419 crores which has now been revised in 2019 to Rs 14,000 crore as per the Interim budget 2019 announced by Interim Finance minister Piyush Goyal.
It is the responsibility of the State Government to provide data to the insurance companies through crop cutting experiments done before every sowing season.
Awareness programmes in India: Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi Yojana
In 2019 Interim Budget, the government announced fixed yearly income for all the small and marginal farmers. This scheme is expected to benefit about 12 crore farmers who have 2 Hectare land. Rs 6000 per year direct cash transfer will be done in the farmers’ bank account. It will be given in three equal parts of Rs 2000 each. Rs 75000 crore has been allotted for this yojna and the benefits will be provided from December 2018. It is a big push to the farmers’ income by the Modi Government.
While the scheme is great it still faced criticism from the farmers and the opposition parties for providing this small amount to the farmers.
The government of India has always considered the economic condition of the country and has taken various steps. 2019 Budget highlights might be a swan song for the Modi government or it could be their first move for the next financial year. The picture will become clear after the elections! All we want is the progress of the country as a whole. What do you think?